by David A. Osage, P.E., ASME Fellow / James C. Sowinski, P.E. / Jul 17, 2011

The theory behind the pressure-area method that is incorporated in the ASME B&PV Code, Section VIII-2 is presented in this paper. Background and insight to the nozzle rules of ASME B&PV Code, Section VIII, Division 2, Part 4, paragraph 4.5 are also provided. Recommendations for modifying the current nozzles rules, those published in ASME B&PV Code, Section VIII, Division 2, 2010 Edition, is given based on continuing research and development efforts. A comparison between experimental results, results derived from detailed finite element analysis (FEA), the rules prior to the VIII-2 Rewrite (2004 Edition), and the rules in VIII-2 are provided in terms of a design margin and permissible maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) computed with the design rules. A complete description of the theory including a commentary and comparison to experimental results is provided in WRC529 [1].

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